World

Meriam Ibrahim and the Obama Administration

Nina Shea wonders why president remains silent, even after trumpeting religious freedom policy.

Nina Shea on the Meriam Ibrahim case

AP Photo Al Fajer

The heads of the European Union’s major institutions this week urged Sudan to free Meriam Ibrahim, the Christian woman who faces hanging for allegedly apostatizing from Islam.

A leader of Reform Judaism in the U.S. joined an interfaith group in protesting to the Sudanese Embassy against what is a pretty clear-cut violation of religious liberty.

NGOs and Sudanese groups are planning protests in front of the White House and the Sudan Embassy in Washington later this week.
 
And, as Ibrahim continues to be pressured to renounce her faith in Christ, President Obama and the U.S. State department have been silent about it.
 
Nina Shea, director of the Center for Religious Freedom at the Hudson Institute, has been an international human rights lawyer for over 30 years. She served on the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom from 1999 to 2012. She has assisted both the United Nations and the Clinton Administration in the field of human rights.

Aleteia on Tuesday asked Shea for her perspective on the Ibrahim case.
 
 
What do we know about this case? Is it in fact the case that Meriam Ibrahim is facing the death penalty because she turned her back on Islam and became a Christian?
 
That was the court finding: Because her father was Muslim, she was born Muslim and must remain Muslim, and because she practices Christianity and has embraced Christianity, she had turned her back on Islam.
 
Her defense is that she was abandoned by her father and was raised by her Orthodox Christian mother, who is from Ethiopia, and that she has only practiced Christianity her whole life and that she wants to be a Christian. She declined an offer from the court to renounce her Christianity and spare her life.
 
 
How is it that a country in the 21st Century has such a law?
 
The fact that she was sentenced to death for this law is very unusual, even in today’s world. It’s rules you are seeing applied by al Qaeda and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria and Boko Haram, the most extreme militant groups. … Apostasy from Islam is a death penalty offense in a number of countries, like Saudi Arabia or Afghanistan or even Iran, but they are not applied. The governments find ways to get around it. Pakistan has a law against blasphemy, which is a related crime, and they sentence Christians and others to death for blasphemy against Islam. There’s a Christian woman named Asia Bibi who’s been on death row for many years. She was arrested in 2009. But the government doesn’t carry it out. That doesn’t mean they’re not killed. They’re killed by mobs or fanatics or extremists or militant groups in society.
 
This to me is a very terrifying sign that there is a new norm being established in the Muslim world being led by these extremist militant groups like al Qaeda, and now being picked up by a government that’s a member of the UN, namely Sudan, which we even have diplomatic relations with. It’s just astonishing to me that the U.S. government at any high level has not issued a statement on Meriam’s case. Today the State Department issued a joint statement with the UK and Norway on Sudan and did not mention Meriam’s case.
 
 
How is the rest of the world responding? What can and should be done?

I think there have to be protests at the very highest level, making it clear that this is unacceptable in the civilized world, in the world of international law, where Sudan is a member of different international banking arrangements and at the UN, that this is unacceptable, whether or not she ever was a Muslim, this is a flagrant denial of her religious freedom. The United States has always historically stood up for those issues, has been a proud proponent of religious freedom around the world.  President Obama at the National Prayer Breakfast this year said this is one of the pillars of our international policy, but when it comes to application we’re silent.