Archbishop Charles Chaput’s recent Mexico City address on the New Evangelization in America stresses that our cultural crisis is ultimately a product of our unsatisfied hunger for God.
In the 272 words he used in his Gettysburg Address, the 150th anniversary of which we celebrated yesterday, Abraham Lincoln encapsulated the very essence of what it means to be a citizen of the United States. We are a nation “dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.” We are a nation that, at our best, commits itself each day to “a new birth of freedom.” We are nation that chooses to be ruled by a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.”
The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the 50th anniversary of which we commemorate on Friday, may inspire us to reflect on many things. The horror of the incident itself. The glamour of “Camelot.” The uneven record of his foreign policy. But the Kennedy I’d like to remember is the man who spoke such stirring words as these: “And yet the same revolutionary beliefs for which our forebears fought are still at issue around the globe–the belief that the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God.”
This week’s two melancholy anniversaries remind us of certain key ideals that form not only our government but also our culture. But they also invite us to compare those ideals with the situation of our own day. Do we still honor the dead of Gettysburg by arising each day to a new birth of freedom grounded in our common and equal humanity? Do we honor Kennedy’s belief that our rights are not indulgences of the state or products of mere human fiat but gifts from the Almighty?
Last Saturday in Mexico City there began a Vatican-sponsored conference on the New Evangelization in America, with “America” understood as including all of North, Central and South America. One of the keynotes was delivered by Charles J. Chaput, Archbishop of Philadelphia, a keynote which does a remarkable job at helping us compare our political ideals here in the United States with our present practical reality. Archbishop Chaput cited three significant ways in which our polity is falling short of its own aspirations, beginning with the scourge of poverty.
“Many of us who live in the North have no experience of poor health care, poor education, poor housing, poor sanitation, no electricity, serious corruption or mass unemployment–at least, not on the scale common to some other countries of Americ” said the archbishop.Still, “one in every six persons in my country now lives below the poverty line. And poverty always, inevitably comes with a family of other ugly issues: hunger, homelessness, street crime, domestic violence, unemployment, human trafficking.”
Keep reading on the next page
Yet the archbishop also diagnosed our culture here in the U.S. as suffering from an acute “moral poverty,” a poverty “that comes from an advanced culture relentlessly focused on consuming more of everything; a culture built on satisfying the self; a culture that runs on ignoring the needs of other people. That kind of poverty, as Mother Teresa saw so well, is very much alive in my country. It’s like a parasite of the soul. It leaves us constantly eating but constantly hungry for something more–all the while starving the spirit that makes us truly human.” And this moral poverty, just like spiritual poverty, has its consequences. “It brings fear of new life, a turning away from children, confused sexuality and broken marriages. It results in greed, depression, ugliness and aggression in our popular culture, and laws without grounding in truth.”
The archbishop here echoes a theme that Pope Francis has made a dominant one of his pontificate: that material abundance is just as real a poverty as material lack. What the human spirit yearns for is not stuff but meaning. Happiness requires certain material necessities, but they are not its essence.