Aleteia logoAleteia logo
Aleteia
Sunday 16 May |
Saint of the Day: St. Simon Stock
home iconArt & Culture
line break icon

A prehistoric census: How many of us were there in the very early days?

De Museo de Altamira y D. Rodríguez, CC BY-SA 3.0

Daniel Esparza - published on 10/26/16

Before the development of agriculture, there were not that many Homo sapiens around the globe

It goes without saying that making a census of a population that existed before written records is extremely difficult, and certainly prone to inaccuracies. However, through a series of estimates based primarily on archaeological discoveries (but also on many other processes, some of those even related to geology), we can still come to a few certain conclusions.

Contemporary science has established (as reported in this post published by QuickHistories) that the number of Homo sapiens around the world at the time they started migrating from Africa into Asia Minor and Southern Europe was probably around just a few thousand. If this seems to be an extremely small number when compared with the billions we are today, then let us remember that 70,000 years ago a gigantic volcanic eruption in Indonesia caused a global disturbance of such magnitude that even those few thousands could have been reduced to just a thousand individuals.

About 8,000 years ago, we human beings already numbered in the millions. But there were not that many of us —just around five million of us, around the whole globe. That total is actually much less than the current populations of cities like Mexico City, London or New York.

It was the development of agriculture that allowed for a quantum leap in the global human population: by the year of Christ’s birth, there may have already been between 230 and 300 million human beings in the world. And, while that was undoubtedly an increase of unprecedented proportions, it was still just one-twentieth of the world’s population today.

Support Aleteia!

If you’re reading this article, it’s thanks to the generosity of people like you, who have made Aleteia possible.

Here are some numbers:

  • 20 million users around the world read Aleteia.org every month
  • Aleteia is published every day in seven languages: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Slovenian
  • Each month, readers view more than 50 million pages
  • Nearly 4 million people follow Aleteia on social media
  • Each month, we publish 2,450 articles and around 40 videos
  • We have 60 full time staff and approximately 400 collaborators (writers, translators, photographers, etc.)

As you can imagine, these numbers represent a lot of work. We need you.

Support Aleteia with as little as $1. It only takes a minute. Thank you!

Daily prayer
And today we celebrate...




Top 10
1
ascension AND ASSUMPTION
Philip Kosloski
Ascension vs. assumption: What is the difference?
2
SAINT MATTHIAS
Philip Kosloski
Why Matthias was chosen to replace Judas as an apostle
3
Eric Clapton, Luciano Pavarotti, East London Gospel Choir
J-P Mauro
Hear Clapton and Pavarotti sing a prayer to the “Holy Mothe...
4
BENOIT JOSEPH LABRE
Larry Peterson
Benedict XVI called him “one of the most unusual saintsR...
5
Philip Kosloski
What was the message of Our Lady of Fatima?
6
PHILIPPINES CHURCH
J-P Mauro
We need better church music, say Catholics in the Philippines
7
I.Media for Aleteia
These 30 shrines will lead the Rosary Relay for end of the pandem...
See More
Newsletter
Get Aleteia delivered to your inbox. Subscribe here.