Aleteia logoAleteia logo
Aleteia
Monday 17 May |
Saint of the Day: St. Rasso of Grafrath
home iconArt & Culture
line break icon

How to protect your library, medieval style

By Engraving by Willem Swanenburgh; drawing by Jan van 't Woudt = Johannes Woudanus (archive.org) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Daniel Esparza - published on 02/09/17

You don’t need to wield a sword if you go for this subtler and, at the same time, more radical method

Before the invention of the printing press, owning a book was a big deal. In fact, making a book — just a single one — could take years, and it was a craft only learned monks were fit to devote themselves to, patiently and meticulously copying text after text in the monastery scriptorium, day after day.

Moreover, once the work of the copyist was finished, most likely the book would then be chained to its assigned shelf, preventing any dishonest hand from seizing the final fruit of such hard, long work. But not only chains would protect these volumes: usually, at the very entrance of the library, either in the lintel or right on the door, messages that would surely make a potential thief desist from getting any of the books there stored were written. For instance,

“For him that stealeth, or borroweth and returneth not, this book from its owner, let it change into a serpent in his hand & rend him. Let him be struck with palsy & all his members blasted. Let him languish in pain crying aloud for mercy,  & let there be no surcease to his agony till he sing in dissolution. Let bookworms gnaw his entrails in token of the Worm that dieth not, & when at last he goeth to his final punishment, let the flames of Hell consume him for ever.”

Sometimes, such “curses” — usually shorter — were even written at the very beginning of the book:

May the sword of anathema slay

If anyone steals this book away.Si quis furetur,

Anathematis ense necetur.

These, and many other classic “curses” with which librarians and copyists would protect their cherished books have been collected by the historian Marc Drogin in his most recent book titled Anathema! Medieval Scribes and the History of Book Curses, which includes an abundant collection of these, let us call them “warnings.” One of the most famous of them all is the one we find in the library of the University of Salamanca, in Spain:

“Whosoever removes, alienates, or in any other way disposes of any book, scroll or paper from this library suffer excommunication, by disposition of His Holiness, without getting any absolution until the integrity of the library is restored.”
Whosoever removes, alienates, or in any other way disposes of any book, scroll or paper from this library suffer excommunication, by disposition of His Holiness, without getting any absolution until the integrity of the library is restored.
Whosoever removes, alienates, or in any other way disposes of any book, scroll or paper from this library suffer excommunication, by disposition of His Holiness, without getting any absolution until the integrity of the library is restored.

If you would like to take a deeper look at Drogin’s book, click here to read the great article Atlas Obscura published on the matter.

Support Aleteia!

If you’re reading this article, it’s thanks to the generosity of people like you, who have made Aleteia possible.

Here are some numbers:

  • 20 million users around the world read Aleteia.org every month
  • Aleteia is published every day in seven languages: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Slovenian
  • Each month, readers view more than 50 million pages
  • Nearly 4 million people follow Aleteia on social media
  • Each month, we publish 2,450 articles and around 40 videos
  • We have 60 full time staff and approximately 400 collaborators (writers, translators, photographers, etc.)

As you can imagine, these numbers represent a lot of work. We need you.

Support Aleteia with as little as $1. It only takes a minute. Thank you!

Daily prayer
And today we celebrate...




Top 10
1
SAINT MATTHIAS
Philip Kosloski
Why Matthias was chosen to replace Judas as an apostle
2
ascension AND ASSUMPTION
Philip Kosloski
Ascension vs. assumption: What is the difference?
3
ascension of Jesus
Philip Kosloski
Was Mary present at the ascension of Jesus?
4
BENOIT JOSEPH LABRE
Larry Peterson
Benedict XVI called him “one of the most unusual saintsR...
5
KNEELING
Philip Kosloski
How to pray the Divine Praises
6
I.Media for Aleteia
These 30 shrines will lead the Rosary Relay for end of the pandem...
7
Eric Clapton, Luciano Pavarotti, East London Gospel Choir
J-P Mauro
Hear Clapton and Pavarotti sing a prayer to the “Holy Mothe...
See More
Newsletter
Get Aleteia delivered to your inbox. Subscribe here.