Aleteia logoAleteia logo
Tuesday 27 July |
Saint of the Day: St. Simeon Sylites
home iconArt & Culture
line break icon

Did Zoroastrianism shape monotheism?

Coffeetalkh | Wikimedia

Daniel Esparza - published on 04/21/17

A recent article by Joobin Bekhrad for the BBC sheds light on the possible Iranian roots of Western religions.

Persian and Judeo-Persian studies have been neglected for a long time, for several different reasons: improper cataloging of literary and archaeological materials, inadequate knowledge of not only Persian languages but also of the Persian literary tradition, limited access to certain sources, or plain and simple lack of interest.

But even if all these reasons seem to explain why this field has remained underdeveloped both in academia and beyond until recently, that doesn’t seem to be the case anymore. A renewed scholarly interest in the area is thriving in several seminars, universities, and institutes around the globe. The reason, as Joobin Bekhrad claims in a recent article published by the BBC, lies in the fact that “a brief glance at an ancient religion – still being practiced today – suggests that what many take for granted as wholesome Western ideals, beliefs and culture may in fact have Iranian roots.” The religion Bekhrad refers to is Zoroastrianism.

Around 1500-1000 BC, Irano-Aryans worshiped the deities of what would later on become the classic pantheon of Hinduism. Zarathustra, the Iranian prophet, condemned these religious practices (just like the prophets of Israel would do with the cult of Baal), preaching that only Ahura Mazda (the Creator and sole god of Zoroastrianism) should be worshiped. This commandment has been seen by many as the birth of monotheism.

However, the Pharaoh Akhenaten has also been credited with the responsibility for introducing monotheism (circa 1350 BC) under the shape of the cult of the sun god Aten. In fact, Akhenaten has been often referred to as the pioneer of monotheism (a claim Freud developed in his Moses and Monotheism). But the canon of Zoroastrian literature (unlike the religion of Akhenaten) also introduced some other key notions that are to be found in the three Abrahamic religions (such as Hell, Heaven and Final Judgement). Scholars claim such ideas were introduced into Judaism during the exile in Babylon.

If you want to read Bekhrad’s article in its entirety, as published by the BBC, click here.

Support Aleteia!

If you’re reading this article, it’s thanks to the generosity of people like you, who have made Aleteia possible.

Here are some numbers:

  • 20 million users around the world read every month
  • Aleteia is published every day in seven languages: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Slovenian
  • Each month, readers view more than 50 million pages
  • Nearly 4 million people follow Aleteia on social media
  • Each month, we publish 2,450 articles and around 40 videos
  • We have 60 full time staff and approximately 400 collaborators (writers, translators, photographers, etc.)

As you can imagine, these numbers represent a lot of work. We need you.

Support Aleteia with as little as $1. It only takes a minute. Thank you!

Daily prayer
And today we celebrate...

Top 10
Philip Kosloski
This morning prayer is easy to memorize
J-P Mauro
Reconstructing a 12th-century pipe organ discovered in the Holy L...
Joachim and Anne
Philip Kosloski
Did Jesus know his grandparents?
Daniel Esparza
5 Curious things you might not know about Catholicism
Zelda Caldwell
World-record winning gymnast Simone Biles leans on her Catholic f...
Philip Kosloski
This prayer to St. Anthony is said to have “never been know...
Cerith Gardiner
5 Ways grandparents impact our lives for the better
See More
Get Aleteia delivered to your inbox. Subscribe here.