Aleteia logoAleteia logo
Aleteia
Thursday 21 October |
Saint of the Day: St. Wendel
Aleteia logo
home iconSpirituality
line break icon

Meet the saint who invented the name “Christian”

APOSTLES

Public Domain | Wikipedia

Philip Kosloski - published on 05/06/17

St Evodius was the second bishop of Antioch after St Peter.

In the Acts of the Apostles, Saint Luke mentions the city of Antioch and the great contribution it made to Christianity:

“So Barnabas went to Tarsus to look for Saul; and when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. For a whole year they met with the church, and taught a large company of people; and in Antioch the disciples were for the first time called Christians.” (Acts 11:25-26)

However, Saint Luke does not go into the details about how this designation as “Christians” came about. For that, tradition gives us Saint Evodius, whose feast day is May 6.

Saint Peter the Apostle, the first pope, is said to have been the first bishop of Antioch and is believed to have founded the early Christian community there. While he did not remain in Antioch very long, Peter appointed a successor before he left. That successor was Saint Evodius, who became the second bishop of Antioch.

Saint Ignatius, who was the third bishop of Antioch, makes reference to him in one of his letters, saying, “Remember your blessed father Evodius, who was made your first pastor by the Apostles.”

Little is known about Saint Evodius, however one tradition states that he was one of the 70 disciples commissioned by Jesus Christ (cf. Luke 10:1). And it is also believed that Saint Evodius was principally responsible for naming the followers of Jesus “Christians” (in Greek Χριστιανός, or Christianos, meaning “follower of Christ”).

At the time Antioch was home to many Jewish Christians who fled Jerusalem after Saint Stephen was stoned to death. While there, they began to preach to the Gentiles. The new mission became very successful and resulted in a strong community of believers. Most biblical scholars see the designation of “Christian” as an early way to distinguish their growing community from other Jews in the city.

Tradition holds that Evodius served the Christian community in Antioch for 27 years, and the Orthodox Church teaches that he died a martyr’s death in the year 66 under the Roman emperor Nero.

Tags:
Church HistorySaints
Support Aleteia!

If you’re reading this article, it’s thanks to the generosity of people like you, who have made Aleteia possible.

Here are some numbers:

  • 20 million users around the world read Aleteia.org every month
  • Aleteia is published every day in seven languages: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Slovenian
  • Each month, readers view more than 50 million pages
  • Nearly 4 million people follow Aleteia on social media
  • Each month, we publish 2,450 articles and around 40 videos
  • We have 60 full time staff and approximately 400 collaborators (writers, translators, photographers, etc.)

As you can imagine, these numbers represent a lot of work. We need you.

Support Aleteia with as little as $1. It only takes a minute. Thank you!

Daily prayer
And today we celebrate...




Top 10
1
saint teresa of Avila
Zelda Caldwell
Now there’s a computer font based on St. Teresa of Avila’s handwr...
2
Philip Kosloski
A scientist describes the Miracle of the Sun at Fatima
3
AVENIDO BROTHERS
Agnès Pinard Legry
Three brothers ordained priests on the same day in the Philippine...
4
SQUID GAMES
Philip Kosloski
How the violence in ‘Squid Game’ can impact your soul
5
ETSY PRESENTS
Theresa Civantos Barber
12 Catholic Etsy shops to support as the holidays draw closer
6
NUN,
Gelsomino Del Guercio
She’s a mom, grandmother, former postmaster — and a cloistered nu...
7
JUAN ELIAS MEDINA
Kathleen N. Hattrup
A martyr’s last letter to his mother
See More
Newsletter
Get Aleteia delivered to your inbox. Subscribe here.