Significantly, the power and influence of the Church brought together experts from different disciplines, civil and scientific, to combat this issue.
Though I was aware to a certain extent of the existence of the problem, the gravity of the situation eluded me until this conference. This was a huge eye-opener, and we owe it to our children and future generations to make the digital continent a safe and secure place for them. If your child has a smartphone, you need to be worried.
As many speakers pointed out,
this conference was unique in that it brought together key players from different sectors of society for the first time.
They were representatives from governments, the UN, tech giants like Facebook and Microsoft, NGOs, scientists, researchers, UNICEF, Interpol and the Church.
Every sector has been fighting this problem on its own turf, but this was one of the first initiatives to bring everyone together. As Dr Tim Morris from Interpol pointed out, law enforcement does not have the resources, the knowledge or the capacity to tackle this problem by itself. Crimes of violence against children are a global phenomenon that transcends national boundaries, and only a multi-national and multi-sectoral approach will be effective to protect children online.
A ton of information was shared during the four days of the Conference, but let me present a few statistics and statements that will help you understand the gravity of the situation:
- In Europe, more than 18 million children are victims of sexual abuse. One in five children has experienced some form of sexual abuse or violence online.
- In India alone, within two years, 500 million people will have access to the internet, half of whom are minors. Many of these will be in rural and satellite townships, where parents may have little or no knowledge of the internet or digital technologies. These young people will therefore have no one to guide and protect them on the digital highways.
- Twenty-five percent of all children worldwide are said to have experienced some kind of cyber-bullying. Fifty percent of all girls receive some kind of sexual solicitation or unwanted sexual images or material online.
- Perpetrators are increasingly using encryption tools, cloud services and crypto-currencies to abuse children online, which makes tracking by cyber-police difficult.
- Ninety-three percent of boys and 62 percent of girls under the age of 16 years have watched pornography online.
- When minors experience online abuse, they are more inclined to talk to their friends and peers, rather than to an adult such as a parent or teacher.
- Pedophile sites constitute only 2 percent of the dark web, but drive 83 percent of its traffic.
Baroness Joanna Shields, who heads the WeProtect Global Alliance, said that we must not only extol what the internet can DO, but also be aware of what it can UNDO — childhood itself.
When children are exposed to pornography online, it seriously distorts their understanding of love and human dignity.
Pornography subliminally changes children’s perspectives on gender relations and what kinds of behavior are permissible in the real world.
Technology empowers us in ways never thought imaginable, but it is also transforming childhood beyond recognition.
A significant point that emerged from this conference was the power and influence of the Church to bring together experts from different disciplines, both civil and scientific, to combat this issue.
A number of conference speakers said that the Catholic Church is at the forefront in creating a global new culture where children’s rights and dignity are protected.
In his opening address, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, the pope’s secretary of state, declared that to abuse a child is to commit sacrilege, a profanation of the image in which the Son of God came to us.
Pope Francis, in his speech to the delegates of the conference on the concluding day, spoke about the dangers of sexting, cyber-bullying, sextortion, online trafficking, child pornography and the dark web. He reminded them that these online dangers are interconnected to real-world problems such as trafficking, child soldiers and extreme poverty, and hence must be seen as two facets of the same problem. He also pointed out that the speed of the internet was leaving the older generations on the sidelines and hence making increasingly difficult the inter-generational transmission of values and wisdom acquired by years of life and experience.
Read the full text of the pope’s speech here.
The Conference ended with the adoption of the “Rome Declaration,” which was also presented to the pope.
While acknowledging the tremendous benefits of the internet and digital technologies for human life and progress, the declaration states that we must be watchful of its negative impact especially on children and young people. The declaration issues a 13-point call to action addressed to all sectors of society to fight this evil as one unified family, to protect our children.
Benyam Mezmur of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child recalled an African saying: “It takes a village to raise a child.” Today, he said, “It takes a global village to protect a child.”