Only a few ruins and photographs remain from the monastery of St. Elijah in Mosul.
The monastery was used as a refugee center right after the First World War. Since then, the building has always been related to war conflicts. It was even the target of an attack during the Iraq invasion: the monastery was being used as a garrison for the United States Army.
In 2008, another group of American soldiers, stationed in the monastery together with an engineering battalion, began to make a topographic map of the place. Then the old monastery of St. Elijah of Mosul started a slow way back towards what seemed to be a promising restoration.
They found remains of cobalt blue, reminiscent of those of Eastern European monasteries (like Voronet) and ancient pious inscriptions in Aramaic, asking the visitor to pray for those who lived within those walls, along with ancient remains of earthenware vessels that were found throughout the length and breadth of the place.
The monastery was built in the 6th century by Assyrian monks. Some say its founder was Mar Elia, a Turkish monk who arrived there in the year 595. Afterwards, the Chaldean Catholic Church took care of it for centuries until, finally, in the middle of the 18th century, the monks received an ultimatum from Persian invaders: either they left the monastery or they would die by the sword.
The monks did not leave. One hundred and fifty of them were killed.
Since then, different institutions were taking care of the place, including the universities of Mosul and Chicago, together with UNESCO and the antiquarian conservation committee of the Iraqi government. But not only institutions were interested in doing so. Every November, in the day of the feast of St. Elias (to whom the monastery was dedicated), pilgrims from the area still came to Dair Mar Elia.
Unfortunately, this 1400-year-long tradition has come to an end. Like the burial towers of Palmyra and the temples of Baal Shamin and Bel, the monastery of San Elias was razed in 2014 by the forces of the Islamic State, but it was only made known to the public in mid-January 2016. The fact that its destruction was unreported for such a long time might imply some other Christian sites in Iraq might have also been destroyed secretly.
Since you are here…
…we’d like to have one more word with you. We are excited to report that Aleteia’s readership is growing at a rapid rate, world-wide! Our team proves its mission every day by providing high-quality content that informs and inspires a Christian life. But quality journalism has a cost and it’s more than ads can cover. We want our articles to be accessible to everyone, free of charge, but we need your help. To continue our efforts to nourish and inspire our Catholic family, your support is invaluable. Become an Aleteia Patron today for as little as $3 a month. May we count on you?