Aleteia logoAleteia logo
Sunday 25 July |
The Feast of Saint James the Great
home iconSpirituality
line break icon

What you need to know about the Cistercians


Public Domain

Philip Kosloski - published on 05/24/18

A brief guide to a religious order with a rich history.

A few centuries after the founding of the Benedictine Order, St. Robert of Molesme in France was appalled by the laxity of his fellow monks. He sought to return the religious order to a more strict adherence to the Rule of St. Benedict and gathered a handful of monks to establish a new monastery.

With the permission of the local bishop, Robert founded a new monastery near the French village of Cîteaux. From this village the order received its common name, the “Cistercians.” Shortly after its foundation, St. Bernard of Clairvaux assisted in the monastic reform and was one of the principal influencers who helped spread the order throughout Europe.

Later on, a branch of Cistercians separated themselves from the order and are more commonly known as the “Trappists,” named after their original abbey in France, La Trappe Abbey.

Here is a brief guide to the order, detailing the basics of this rich expression of religious life.

Names & Abbreviations: Cistercian Order, Cistercians of the Original (Common) Observance, O. Cist.; Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance, Trappists, O.C.S.O.

Date of Foundation(s): 1098 (O. Cist.), 1892 (O.C.S.O)

Founder(s): Sts. Robert, Alberic and Stephen

Motto & Charism: Cistercium mater nostra, Latin for “Cistercium (Cîteaux) is our mother” (also, “work and prayer,” a motto from the Benedictine Order)

According to the Abbey of Our Lady of Dallas, “Our monastic life is centered upon the liturgy and the ancient practice of lectio divina, or the private reading and pondering of Holy Scripture. In addition to having designated times for private prayer, we celebrate together the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass and the Liturgy of the Hours daily. It is through prayer that we seek to raise our minds and hearts to God and live in union with Christ; for it is from him that we find inspiration for all our activities and the ability to discern the direction of our lives.”

Additionally, according to a Trappist community, “Sts. Robert, Alberic and Stephen founded the reformed monastery of Cîteaux in 1098. Their aim was to refresh the institutional forms of monastic life and to bring them into closer conformity both with the Rule of Saint Benedict and with the aspirations of the age. In particular this involved an emphasis on authentic poverty and simplicity even in the liturgy, manual work, non-involvement in secular affairs, and, at the level of the Order, mutual concern and supervision among the different monasteries, as a means of maintaining fervor.”

Examples of Cistercian Communities: Some Cistercian communities include the Abbey of Our Lady of GethsemaniNew Melleray AbbeyAbbey of Our Lady of DallasValley of Our Lady Monastery, Atlas Abbey of Tibhirine, Trappist Abbey of Rochefort

Famous Cistercians: St. Bernard of Clairvaux, Bl. Eugene III, Monks of Tibhirine (depicted in Of Gods and Men), Thomas Merton


Read more:
Exclusive Look: Thomas Merton’s contemplative photography

Read more:
Taste Test: Abbey Beer Versus Trappist Beer

Read more:
Monks of Tibirhine recognized as martyrs, on way to beatification

Spiritual LifeVocations
Support Aleteia!

If you’re reading this article, it’s thanks to the generosity of people like you, who have made Aleteia possible.

Here are some numbers:

  • 20 million users around the world read every month
  • Aleteia is published every day in seven languages: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Slovenian
  • Each month, readers view more than 50 million pages
  • Nearly 4 million people follow Aleteia on social media
  • Each month, we publish 2,450 articles and around 40 videos
  • We have 60 full time staff and approximately 400 collaborators (writers, translators, photographers, etc.)

As you can imagine, these numbers represent a lot of work. We need you.

Support Aleteia with as little as $1. It only takes a minute. Thank you!

Daily prayer
And today we celebrate...

Top 10
Philip Kosloski
This morning prayer is easy to memorize
Cerith Gardiner
8 Powerful quotes from Nightbirde that will fill you with hope
Daniel Esparza
5 Curious things you might not know about Catholicism
Philip Kosloski
Why is Latin the official language of the Church, instead of Aram...
Daniel Esparza
3 Legendary pilgrimages off the beaten path
Daniel Esparza
Who are the cherubim in the Bible?
Zelda Caldwell
Did Jesus wear “tefillin” as some observant Jews do t...
See More
Get Aleteia delivered to your inbox. Subscribe here.