Aleteia logoAleteia logo
Aleteia
Sunday 07 March |
Saint of the Day: Sts Perpetua and Felicity
home iconTravel
line break icon

The catacombs of St. Patrick’s Old Basilica

ST PATRICK'S CATHEDRAL

Taken by Gina and Paul Brake

V. M. Traverso - published on 08/02/18

These narrow underground alleys were constructed shortly after the establishment of Old Saint Patrick’s in 1815.

Five years ago, workers digging the ground under the Basilica of St. Patrick’s Old Cathedral, New York’s first and oldest Catholic church, came across an unusual sight.

Parts of the 4-foot-thick stone walls in the Church’s basement had been covered with bright yellow plasters. Under the supervision of Father Frank Alfieri, a parishioner and the head of development at St. Patrick’s Old Cathedral, workers carefully removed the yellow coating and found a skinny, dark passageway leading to the church’s catacombs.

CATACOMBS
Photo taken by Gina and Paul Brake

These narrow underground alleys were constructed shortly after the establishment of Old Saint Patrick’s in 1815. They host more than 50 niches containing the remains of some of the people who made the history of New York’s diverse Catholic community.

One of the most prominent figures buried in the catacombs is Thomas T. Eckert, an officer in the U.S. army who served as as superintendent of the military telegraph for the Department of the Potomac during the civil war. Together with two other telegraphers, Charles A. Tinker and Albert Brown Chandler, Eckert came up with ciphers that allowed the transmission of encrypted messages from the military headquarters to the field and back. He also became a trusted confidant for both Edwin Stanton and Abraham Lincoln, who allegedly wrote the draft of his Emancipation Proclamation in Eckert’s office. After the war, Eckert served as an executive for Western Union, where he played a key role in the company’s growth in the up and coming telegraph market. He was buried in one of the largest vaults of St. Patrick’s catacombs in 1910.

CATACOMBS
Photo taken by Gina and Paul Brake

Around the corner from Eckert’s niche lies the family crypt of the Delmonicos, a family of Italian immigrants who in 1827 founded one of the first Italian restaurants in New York, located at at 23 William Street in Lower Manhattan. The family restaurant business enjoyed a steady expansion throughout the late 19th century, eventually counting as many as 10 different dining establishment around the city. Delmonico’s restaurants quickly became a key pillar of New York’s fine dining scene, attracting a crowd of prominent patrons including Mark Twain, Oscar Wilde and Nikola Tesla.

A few yards separate the Delmonicos’ family grave from that of Anna Leary, the daughter of a wealthy Irish businessman who dedicated her life to charitable deeds. In 1897 she financed the construction of the Chapel at Bellevue Hospital, dedicated to the memory of her brother Arthur Leary. The opening ceremony was attended by Archbishop Corrigan as well as 300 invitees, and music was arranged by William Pecher, who served as head of choir and organist at St. Patrick’s Cathedral. Leary was also known for her commitment to improving the lives of poor Italian children for which she earned the title of Papal Countess from Pope Leo XIII. Her remains are buried in the catacombs together with those of the rest of her family.

GRAVES
Photo taken by Gina and Paul Brake

The remains of another Catholic Irishman, Thomas O’Connor, are also found in Old Saint Patrick’s catacombs. O’Connor played a prominent role in Irish journalism, becoming the editor of New York’s first Irish newspaper, The Shamrock. He died in 1855 and was buried  in a crypt that bears his family name, spelled in the old Irish way, “O’Conor.” They key to this crypt has long been missing.

Despite their historical importance, the catacombs have been inaccessible to the parish and the wider Catholic community for decades. But thanks to restoration works ordered by Father Alfieri, they have now been returned to their former glory. They can be visited daily as part of tours offered by Tommy’s New York, a tour operator service that has exclusive rights to the Church’s cemetery and its underground graves.

GRAVES
Photo taken by Gina and Paul Brake

In addition, the parish has recently put an entire family niche up for sale. “This is the only chance to get Catholic burial within Manhattan” says Frank Alfieri, who has overseen the preparation for the six-person columbarium. Indeed, no cemetery is open to new burials in this part of New York and most Catholics are buried at Calvary Cemetery in Queens, which was set up by the trustees of Saint Patrick’s cathedral in 1848. “This is a unique chance to spend eternity with some of the people who built New York’s Catholic community,” Alfieri adds. The cost for being laid to rest side-by-side with these Catholic champions starts at $6 million.

Tags:
ArchaeologyArchitectureCatholic history
Support Aleteia!

If you’re reading this article, it’s thanks to the generosity of people like you, who have made Aleteia possible.

Here are some numbers:

  • 20 million users around the world read Aleteia.org every month
  • Aleteia is published every day in seven languages: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Slovenian
  • Each month, readers view more than 50 million pages
  • Nearly 4 million people follow Aleteia on social media
  • Each month, we publish 2,450 articles and around 40 videos
  • We have 60 full time staff and approximately 400 collaborators (writers, translators, photographers, etc.)

As you can imagine, these numbers represent a lot of work. We need you.

Support Aleteia with as little as $1. It only takes a minute. Thank you!

Daily prayer
And today we celebrate...




Top 10
1
GUARDIAN ANGEL
Philip Kosloski
10 Mysterious things to know about guardian angels
2
tabernacle
Philip Kosloski
5 Important things to notice in a Catholic church
3
POPE AUDIENCE
Kathleen N. Hattrup
Do you know the 3 words that describe God’s style? Pope Fra...
4
Ziggurat of Ur
John Burger
Pope’s trip to Iraq is like a pilgrimage to a Holy Land
5
SAINT JOSEPH AND CHILD JESUS
Philip Kosloski
10 Things you should know about St. Joseph
6
WEB2-MANIFESTATIONS-BIRMANIE-TWITTER.jpg
John Burger
Nun and monk put themselves between police and protesters in Myan...
7
ANGEL
Philip Kosloski
Should you name your Guardian Angel?
See More
Newsletter
Get Aleteia delivered to your inbox. Subscribe here.