Each element of the chalice has profound symbolism, linking it to Jesus' Passion, death and resurrection.
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Specifically, the chalice and all the elements that surround it have been symbolically connected to the death and burial of Jesus, reminding the priest of Jesus’ Passion and resurrection every time he celebrates Mass. Some of this symbolism is even made explicit in the traditional consecration of the chalice and paten, where a bishop or priest will recite ancient prayers over the sacred vessels to prepare them for the liturgy.
Here is a short slideshow that details the fascinating symbolism, adding yet another dimension to the Mass that all can ponder.
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