On the eve of the commemorations for the first anniversary of the matter explosion in the port of Beirut, which left over 200 people dead and 6,500 wounded, the Lebanese people are hovering between rebellion and fatalism.
The Lebanese Council of Ministers has declared August 4 a day of national mourning, with all work suspended in government administrations and public institutions. Large crowds will gather in the port of Beirut for a ceremony presided over by the Maronite Patriarch Béchara Raï.
But for the ordinary people, already overwhelmed by the profound crisis afflicting the country ever since October 2019 – by the endemic corruption, decaying public infrastructure, hospitals on the edge of collapse in the face of a continuing COVID-19 pandemic – there is still no light at the end of the tunnel.
In the hospitals, many of the nurses have already left to work abroad, and the same is true of many doctors, who have either left or are seeking to leave. Catholic school teachers, faced with a salary that is no longer enough to feed their families, are likewise resigning, hoping to emigrate. By the end of last year over 380,000 requests for emigration papers had been submitted to the embassies of the EU countries, Canada and the United States. The future of the country looks bleak indeed.
The majority trapped somewhere between poverty and destitution
Well over 50% of the population now live below the poverty threshold, and today one can even say they are destitute. At the Holy Family School in Jounieh, about 20 km from Beirut, Sister Eva Abou Nassar, the school’s administrative director, confided to us that she has lost around 20 teachers in June and July. “Most of them want to emigrate, since they can simply no longer make ends meet. Their purchasing power has fallen drastically. Whereas before the crisis a starting salary of 1,525 million Lebanese pounds (LL) was roughly equivalent to 1000 US dollars, with the collapse of the Lebanese pound it is now worth no more than 75 or 80 US dollars. An experienced teacher earns twice that much, but that is still far too little. Whereas before the crisis one dollar was worth 1500 Lebanese pounds, it is now being exchanged on the parallel market for 18,900 LL.”
And since Lebanon has to import almost everything, everything has to be paid for in dollar terms. “A tin of baby milk – and you need two a week – costs 250,000 Lebanese pounds. And to hire a generator (since the public electricity supply only operates for between two and four hours a day) costs 600,000 LL a month – while the minimum wage is just 675,000. Getting a spare part for your car can cost you between two and four months of average salary… Some of the families here in Jounieh, a town not generally regarded as being poor, actually go out early in the morning, in order not to be seen, scavenging food from the dustbins!”
Names of the “martyrs” scratched on the walls
On the wall bordering the road that runs along the edge of the port are inscribed the names of the “martyrs” who were killed by the explosion, along with photos of children, now already fading with the passage of time. And in front of the ruins of what is left of the huge grain silos that were disembowelled by the explosion of some 2,750 metric tonnes of ammonium nitrate that had been stored in a hangar without proper supervision ever since 2014 – in an act of gross irresponsibility on the part of the authorities, who continue to deny responsibility and blame one another instead – there now stands an immense sculpture of twisted metal, a human form with a metal dove on the end of an outstretched arm.
“It was erected by the demonstrators of the ‘thawra’ – the revolution – who have been protesting against the government ever since October 2019. People just can’t take any more of the political establishment, who have been sharing the spoils between them without a thought for the needs of the people,” explains Wajih Raad, a lawyer and the brother of Father Samih Raad, who has been showing ACN representatives around the streets of the Gemmayzé quarter. The streets still bear many scars of that fateful day of August 4, 2020.
So many of the shops are now shuttered, the restaurants that once lined the streets are almost all closed. The quarter seems dead – nothing like it used to be in the years before the crisis. “The atmosphere is deeply pessimistic; people would like to be able to leave, but how?” Wajih nevertheless strives to remain optimistic, against all expectations, doggedly determined to remain hopeful: “It’s going to take several years, but we’ll get through it!” Right next door, in the Mar Mikhaël quarter, the imposing headquarters of Lebanese Electricity stands there, a ruined building. Close by is a large painted mural, already peeling, with the words, “What does the future hold in store for us?”
“Pope Francis has given us hope that we can confront this crisis, with his appeal to the universal Church not to let us go under. The Pope is not going to abandon the Church in Lebanon! We are regaining some degree of confidence, despite all the difficulties. Why should we fear others when we have our faith in Jesus Christ? The yeast may be little in quantity, but it can leaven the whole loaf!” This is the conclusion of Father Père Raymond Abdo, Provincial of the Order of Discalced Carmelites in Lebanon, who welcomes ACN to the monastery of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Hazmieh, one of the suburbs of Beirut.
The international Catholic pastoral charity and pontifical foundation Aid to the Church in Need (ACN International) is heavily committed to supporting the Lebanese people struck by this crisis, which has lasted since the autumn of 2019, and by the consequences of the explosion on August 4, 2020 in the port of Beirut. Already, in its projects for the year 2020, ACN has invested some 2,738,000 Euros in the reconstruction of pastoral infrastructure destroyed by the explosion, and an additional 2,250, 999 Euros in emergency relief aid, along with other aid for pastoral support, transport, basic subsistence and so forth – all in all a total of almost 5,439,000 Euros.