Remarkable invention, the medieval hand grenade.
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Nobody expects a medieval hand grenade. Nobody but Monty Python, that is, who famously mentioned medieval explosives (the “Holy Hand Grenade of Antioch”) in their classic 1975 Arthurian legend parody, Monty Python and the Holy Grail.
Now, a team of Canadian and Australian archaeologists have found what they think is an 11th- or 12th-century hand grenade in the Armenian Gardens of Jerusalem’s Old City. This is the second Crusader-era discovery made in Jerusalem in less than a month, the previous one being an enormous stone slab marked with the centuries-old graffiti of pilgrims. It has been revealed to be the remains of the original medieval altar of Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
As Amanda Borschel-Dan explains in her article for the Times of Israel, a team of researchers led by Griffith University’s Associate Professor Carney Matheson analyzed residue found inside four spherical, grenade-like ceramic receptacles. Three of the containers, found at the site of a Crusader royal palace, were used to contain oil for food, medicine, and perfume. But the fourth one seems to have been used to store chemicals, “or may have held the chemical ingredients for an explosive device, consistent with a medieval grenade.”