Virgin and Martyr (d. ca. 305)
+ The life of this early saint is largely shrouded in legend and some have even questioned her existence, because so little is known about her. Although her name was removed from the General Roman Calendar in 1969 (even as she continued to be included in the Church’s official list of saints), her commemoration was re-introduced in 2002 in respect for the privileged place she holds in the Eastern Catholic and Orthodox Churches. + According to tradition, Catherine was born in Alexandria, Egypt.
+ After converting to Christianity, she became a zealous witness for Christ and helped bring many to the Christian Faith.
+ She criticized the prefect Maxentius for his persecution of Christians and he ordered that fifty of Catherine’s converts be burned to death. He then offered Catherine his hand in marriage if she would deny Christ.
+ When Catherine refused, she was thrown into prison and condemned to death. She was to be killed on a spiked wheel (now commonly known as a “Catherine wheel”), but the torture device was miraculously broken into pieces. She was then beheaded.
+ Saint Catherine was one of the most popular saints of the Middle Ages and she has come to be honored as the patron of philosophers, on account of her heavenly wisdom and skill in arguing with Maxentius.
This year, November 20 is celebrated as the Solemnity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, King of the Universe. This solemn celebration was instituted in 1925 and marks the last Sunday of the Church Year.
“Broken was the snare,
and we were freed.
Our help is in the name of the Lord,
who made heaven and earth.”—Psalm 124:7-8
Almighty ever-living God,
who gave Saint Catherine of Alexandria to your people
as a Virgin and an invincible Martyr,
grant that through her intercession
we may be strengthened in faith and constancy
and spend ourselves without reserve
for the unity of the Church.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever. Amen.
(from The Roman Missal)
Saint profiles prepared by Brother Silas Henderson, S.D.S.