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The Carthusian Order is a contemplative religious order with solemn vows, of a semi-eremitical type, founded in 1084 by Saint Bruno and six of his companions. It takes its name from the Chartreuse massif, north of Grenoble. The Carthusian habit is made up from the beginning of a white tunic and a scapular with a cap specific to Carthusians. These two pieces of clothing have been the traditional dress of the monks since the creation of the Order. They also permanently wear the hair shirt (shirt or rough belt) held at the waist by a rope as a sign of penance.

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