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A Fresco of St. Paul
According to Ephesus Foundation USA, the cave was named after St. Paul after this 6th-century fresco was discovered. It depicts the Virgin Mary, St. Paul and St. Thecla (a female disciple of Paul). It is the only known depiction of Paul at Ephesus and the earliest known appearance in the world of Paul and Thecla together.

© Ephesus Foundation USA