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Tintern Abbey was the first Cistercian monastery in Welsh territory. Founded in 1131 by a group of French religious, the monastery thrived for 400 years, strictly following the order's rules of poverty, chastity, and obedience — a tradition that came to a sudden end when the abbey was closed, and its valuables seized, by order of Henry VIII in 1536. An illustration of the abbey is described by Jane Austen in her novel Mansfield Park. It also inspired a poem by Wordsworth.

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