9 / 9
This ancient monastery was first founded in 657 by King Oswald of Northumbria, on cliffs overlooking the North Sea. Centuries later it became a Benedictine abbey. Whitby Abbey was a center of learning for centuries until its destruction by Henry VIII in 1540. Sailors use the structure as a navigation aid even today. The abbey's ruins featured in the novel Dracula.

© Dave Head | Shutterstock