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The Seder plate complete

Here is a view of the finished Seder plate. Let's look at the individual elements that make up the feast.

The Meal - Shank bone (Z’roa)

The meat of a lamb, goat, or chicken is acceptable for the Z'roa. It serves as a visual reminder of the Pesach sacrifice, which was a lamb that was offered in the Temple in Jerusalem.

The Meal - An egg (Beitzah)

The egg must be hard boiled and smoked. The Beitzah is representative of the Passover peace offering called the hagigah. It is also a symbolic rememberance of the destruction of the Temple.

The Meal - Bitter herbs (Maror)

In order to fulfill the commandment to eat bitter herbs during the Seder, romaine lettuce or endive mixed with grated horseradish makes it onto the plate. The bitterness of the maror symbolizes the harshness of slavery under the Egyptians.

The Meal - Haroset

Haroset is a mixture of grated apples, nuts and wine. There are a variety of recipes to be found online to suit any palate. It represents the bricks and mortar made by the Hebrew slaves to build the Egyptian storehouses.

The Meal - Karpas and Salt Water

For Karpas the most appropriate vegetables to use are parsley, celery, or potatoes. The vegetable is dipped into the salt water, which represents tears and the sorrow of the Hebrew slaves in Egypt.

The Meal - Three pieces of Matzoh

Matzoh is unleavened bread. The first two pieces represent the manna, which the Israelites were fed with once a week while they were in the desert, in order to observe the Sabbath. A small fragment of the second piece is broken off, and the remainder, called the afikomen, is hidden for children to find later. The third is used to remember the haste with which their ancestors fled Egypt -- not waiting for the time it took leavened bread to rise.

The Meal - Wine

The Seder revolves around the blessing of four cups. Everyone at least sips some wine at each blessing. Each cup commemorates one of the four promises of God to the Israelites of Exodus: “I will take you out,” “I will deliver you,” I will redeem you” and “I will acquire you as a nation.”

The Event - Dress up

Mauricio-Perez suggested that one way to engage your children in this educational feast is to dress up in biblical attire. This could include a tunic, a head wrapping, a walking stick, and other costumes that are easy to make with old, unwanted clothing. Parents can prepare skits or puppet shows to retell the biblical stories and it is advised to ask the kids questions, so they can learn from an interactive experience. This follows in the tradition of transmitting the faith orally to the successive generations.

The Event - Hide the Matzoh

A popular Seder custom for young ones is to hide a piece of Matzoh, called the afikomen, somewhere in your house and send them to search for it. The person who finds it is given a prize, and the afikomen is shared as dessert.
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