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A statue of James Ensor by Belgian sculptor Rik Wouters

Belgian artist James Ensor (1860-1949) is considered a precursor of 20th-century expressionism. And while expressionism is usually not associated with religious themes, Ensor’s most famous work, “Christ Enters into Brussels,” was centered around the figure of Jesus.
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"Christ Enters into Brussels" (1888)

In “Christ Enters into Brussels” (1888) Ensor contrasts the humility of Jesus with the hypocrisy of political figures in 19th-century Brussels. The Belgian artist imagined his fellow citizens welcoming the return of Christ in 19th-century Brussels. Rather than directing their attention at Jesus, the crowd in Ensor’s painting seems to be preoccupied with seeing and being seen.
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A painting of James Ensor with his iconic masked subjects by Belgian painter Henry De Groux