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10th-century Gospel book

The ornamented cover of an opulent copy of the Gospels. This is believed to have been a gift from the bishop, Thierry I (r. 965-984), to the cathedral of St. Stephen in Metz.

St. Denis Missal

During the 11th and the 12th centuries, a new kind of text appeared for use in the liturgy – the Missal, which combined texts previously included in several different types of liturgical manuscripts.

Psalter with the Hours of the Virgin Mary

The 20 full-page illuminations at the beginning of this Psalter form one of the most outstanding prefatory cycles to survive from late 12th-century England.

Astronomical texts

A page from a 12th-century text on astronomy, which was an important part of the medieval curriculum.

Boethius, De institutione arithmetica

An illustration taken from the De institutione arithmetica, a text with medical and grammatical instruction.

Canterbury or Anglo-Catalan Psalter

The Canterbury Psalter is among the most lavishly illustrated of English manuscripts.

Foigny Abbey Bible

This giant Bible includes the entire text of the Old and New Testaments.

The Four Gospels

This Gospel book, made in the third quarter of the 9th century, is an example of the Franco-Saxon style of decoration that developed in the kingdom of the Franks in Western Europe in the early Middle Ages.

Portrait of St. Dunstan as a bishop

This author portrait of St. Dunstan was painted in Canterbury, drawing on a long tradition from antiquity onwards of opening a text with an image of its author in the act of writing.

Préaux Gospels

This luxury copy of the four Gospels is the most ambitious work produced at the Benedictine abbey of St. Pierre in Préaux in Normandy, as is apparent from the illuminated canon tables.
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