Qalb Lozeh

Dating back to 460, this church, located in the once thriving village of Qalb Lozeh, ain Idlib Governorate, is one of the best preserved churches from the early Byzantine period. Known as the “ancestor” of Notre Dame Cathedral, Qalb Lozeh was considered the first Romanesque church ever by early 1900s art historian and explorer Gertrude Bell. She maintained that “the fine and simple beauty of Romanesque was born in North Syria."


St. Simeon Stylites

Dating to the 5th century, the Church of St. Simeon Stylites was built by order of the Byzantine Emperor to celebrate the life of St. Simeon, a hermit who spent most of his life living on a 10-feet tall column (stylus, in Greek) and preaching to crowds of believers twice a day. This site was once home to a monastic complex with four churches built on each side of a cross-shaped plan, with an octagon at the center marking the place where St. Simeon's column stood. Today, only the church is left, containing the remains of the pillar.

Monastery of St. Daniel

Dating to the 6th century, the Monastery of St. Daniel was erected and named in honor of another hermit who spent most of his life praying on top of a column. Today, St. Daniel is celebrated on December 11 by the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic and Eastern Catholic churches.


Located between the sites of Baqirha and Deir Qeita, the Byzantine church of Deirouni probably belonged to a wider monastic complex. Today, only this building remains, sporting elaborate stone-carved decorations around its windows.