Pope Alexander VI (1431-1503) by Cristofano dell'Altissimo

Pope Alexander VI, the infamous Borgia pope, was among the first to pose for a formal portrait.

Pope Julius II (1443-1513) by Raphael

Thanks to Raphael, we know that Julius II broke the old papal convention of no beards.

Pius V (1504-1572) by El Greco

El Greco managed to capture some of the quality of Pius V that helped him to sainthood.

Pope Innocent X (1574-1655) by Velazquez

The most revered of all papal portraits is Innocent X by Velazquez. The Spanish artist went on to influence countless others.

Pope Paul III (1468-1549) by Titian

Pope Paul III did not hide the light of his grandsons under a bushel in this painting by Titian.

Pope Pius VII (1742-1823) by Jacques Louis David

A rueful look from Pius VII in what was perhaps the last papal portrait by an artist of the first order, Jacques Louis David.