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Basilica of the Nativity, Bethlehem
Around the time Constantine the Great and his mother, Helena, were building the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, six miles to the south in Bethlehem they began building on the site that was traditionally considered to be the birthplace of Jesus. The original basilica was completed sometime between 333-339. It was destroyed by fire during the Samaritan revolts of the 6th century, and a new basilica was built in 565 by Byzantine Emperor Justinian, who restored the architectural tone of the original.