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THE HOLY BRIDLE OF CARPENTRAS: Saint Helen is said to have found the Holy Nails when she discovered the Holy Cross, and what is thought to be the site of the crucifixion. The nail that held Jesus' right hand to the cross was made into a bit used by the Emperor Constantine's horse. The emperor kept it until it disappeared, and it was later found at Carpentras, in the Vaucluse region of southeastern France. Consequently, this Holy Bridle has been the principle emblem of the coat of arms of that city since 1260.

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