Aleteia logoAleteia logo
Aleteia
Thursday 13 May |
Saint of the Day: The Blessed Virgin Mary ~ Our Lady of Fatima
home iconSpirituality
line break icon

How Mary became “Queen of Poland”

Our Lady of Czestochowa

Public Domain

Philip Kosloski - published on 05/03/19

She has been recognized as Poland's spiritual queen for many centuries.

For hundreds of years, the Polish people have been united under a national devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Even when Poland was erased from the map, the Polish people’s faith was kept alive by their common love of the Blessed Mother.

This love of the Virgin Mary is most often expressed in the miraculous image of Our Lady of Czestochowa, which was been in Poland since the 14th century.

To further solidify this love, the leaders of Poland have crowned her “queen” on multiple occasions in the nation’s history.

For example, according to the Catholic New Agency, Our Lady of Czestochowa “was crowned Queen and Protector of Poland by King John II Casimir in 1652 [followed by a] canonical coronation … by Clement XI on Sept. 8, 1717.”

This was further broadened after Poland regained its independence after World War I. According to Zenit, “Mary was proclaimed the Queen of Poland by Pope Benedict XV in 1920 at the request of Polish bishops.” Polish priest Fr. Pawel Rytel-Andrianik explained how, “At that time not only the Church in Poland, but also the whole Nation realized that during these 123 years of partitions, it was love and devotion to Mary that was a binder uniting Poles despite the fact that the Polish State did not exist on the map of Europe. She led us through the darkest events in the history of our Nation. That is why Mary is the Mother of the Independence of our Fatherland.”

Her queenship over Poland was further solidified in 1923, when Pope Pius XI designated May 3 as the Feast of Our Lady, Queen of Poland. This coincides with “Constitution Day” in Poland, a day that remembers the events of May 3, 1791, when Poland established its first constitution.

More recently in 2017 the Polish parliament declared 2017 a “Jubilee Year” for the country, honoring the 300th anniversary of the first canonical coronation of the image of Our Lady of Czestochowa.

The Polish people have always recognized the pivotal role the Virgin Mary plays in their lives and how she is a motherly protector, preserving their faith during the midst of the most severe trials anyone could endure.


KAPLICA NA JASNEJ GÓRZE

Read more:
Everything you always wanted to know about Poland’s Black Madonna




Read more:
Why is the Jasna Góra Shrine one the most popular pilgrimage destinations in Poland?

Tags:
PolandVirgin Mary
Support Aleteia!

If you’re reading this article, it’s thanks to the generosity of people like you, who have made Aleteia possible.

Here are some numbers:

  • 20 million users around the world read Aleteia.org every month
  • Aleteia is published every day in seven languages: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Slovenian
  • Each month, readers view more than 50 million pages
  • Nearly 4 million people follow Aleteia on social media
  • Each month, we publish 2,450 articles and around 40 videos
  • We have 60 full time staff and approximately 400 collaborators (writers, translators, photographers, etc.)

As you can imagine, these numbers represent a lot of work. We need you.

Support Aleteia with as little as $1. It only takes a minute. Thank you!

Daily prayer
And today we celebrate...




Top 10
1
Eric Clapton, Luciano Pavarotti, East London Gospel Choir
J-P Mauro
Hear Clapton and Pavarotti sing a prayer to the “Holy Mothe...
2
SAINTS
Meg Hunter-Kilmer
Saints to help if Mother’s Day is hard
3
MOTHER SHORT FILM
Zoe Romanowsky
Moving 1-minute film about motherhood will touch your heart
4
I.Media for Aleteia
These 30 shrines will lead the Rosary Relay for end of the pandem...
5
PRAY
Philip Kosloski
3 Signs of a spiritual attack on your soul
6
MOTHER OF ASIA - TOWER OF PEACE
J-P Mauro
Philippines finishes construction of largest Marian statue in the...
7
HOUSE OF SAINT CATHERINE OF SIENA
Bret Thoman, OFS
A pilgrimage in the footsteps of St. Catherine of Siena
See More
Newsletter
Get Aleteia delivered to your inbox. Subscribe here.