2. Panagia Tou Araka
One of the best-preserved Byzantine structures in Cyprus, the Panagia Tou Araka is built on top of the second highest summit of the Troodos mountains. Its murals, dating to the 11th century, were mostly completed by a trained monk, Theodore Apsevdis. The mural depicting the Virgin of Passion is believed to have been commissioned by Leontios Authentes, a wealthy patron who chose to symbolize the suffering of Cyprus, which at the time was undergoing political turmoil.