USCCB Official Summarizes the Nature of Marriage as Redeemed by Christ
Marriage, the Catholic Church proclaims, has God as its author. In the contemporary world, where the spotlight is often on the talents and abilities of men and women, it is easy to think that even marriage is subject to human invention. Our faith tells us otherwise: “Marriage is not … the effect of chance or the product of evolution of unconscious natural forces, it is the wise institution of the Creator to realize in mankind His design of love” (Humanae vitae, no. 8).
Marriage is an “original blessing” that God gave men and women from the “beginning of the world” for the good of humanity. The Genesis stories speak about God creating men and women “in His image” (Gn.1:27). Being made in God’s image has profound meaning. Only humanity holds both the material world and the spiritual world in its nature (Catechism of the Catholic Church, no. 355). Only men and women are “able to know and love” God. (CCC, no. 356; quoting Gaudium et spes no.12). Only men and women are able to share in God’s love. Such a noble calling means that every man and woman possesses the gifts to give and receive love that is selfless, faithful, total, permanent and fruitful. It is therefore not an exaggeration to say that every one of us has the capacity to give and receive love. This is our heritage as made in God’s image.
When we marry, it also means that we have the capacity to give of ourselves to the beloved. It means that we are equipped to receive the love of the spouse. Now of course we all know that some of us are not good communicators, or have been terribly wounded by a host of bad events in life, but despite personal wounds, let me repeat myself: we all have the capacity to give and to receive love. That is part of God’s gift to men and women.
These God-given gifts take on a unique meaning when shared in marriage because God inscribed “the vocation to marriage in the very nature of man and woman” (Marriage: Love and Life in the Divine Plan, USCCB, p. 1; see also p. 7). Marriage is a sacred or blessed gift that God gave men and women for the good of humanity. First, it is God’s will that the “essential elements” of marriage are a man and a woman, with the complementarity of their maleness and femaleness, and all their natural and supernatural gifts. If there is no man or no woman, marriage cannot exist as God intended.
Marriage is for the continuation of human life on earth. As the U.S. Bishops wrote in that document, the “roots of marriage can be seen in the biological fact that a man and a woman can come together as male and female in a union that has the potential for bringing forth another human person” (p.10). Marriage is personal as well. This is what we can easily see. God made marriage for the wellbeing of the individual man and woman. Marriage “does not exist merely for the reproduction of another member of the species,” God designed marriage “for the creation of a communion of persons” (pp. 10-11). Marriage is for the life of the couple as well as the life of the family and therefore, the world.
So essential is the blessed gift of marriage that it was not lost by Original Sin. Rather, it was redeemed by Christ and elevated by Him to become one of the Seven Sacraments for those who are baptized. In this way, Christ restored the original blessing of marriage in its fullness by making it a sign or visible embodiment of His love for the Church. Marriage in the Lord means that authentic human married love “is caught up into divine love and is directed and enriched by the redemptive power of Christ and the salvific action of the Church, with the result that the spouses are effectively led to God and are helped and strengthened in their lofty role as fathers and mothers” (Gaudium et Spes, no. 48). The marriage section of Gaudium et Spes is here.