The 10 tapestries, depicting the life of Saints Peter and Paul, will be on display for one week for the 500th anniversary of the great Renaissance painter.
Tapestries were woven in Brussels based on Raphael’s “cartoons”
In 1515 Pope Leo X commissioned Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino) to design the tapestries, while the artist was working on St. Peter’s Basilica, completing frescoes for the Vatican’s Stanza della Segnatura (also known today as the Raphael Rooms). Raphael’s designs or “cartoons” were then sent to Brussels, where, over a period of four years, the tapestries were woven out of silk, wool and gilded silver thread.
The 10 “Acts of the Apostles” tapestries are usually kept in the Vatican’s Pinacoteca art gallery, and will be hung at eye level in the Sistine Chapel for the week they are on exhibition. The last time all 10 tapestries were displayed together was for a week in 1983 on the occasion of the 500th anniversary of Raphael’s birth.
Returning to the Sistine Chapel where they were first hung in 1519
The first of the tapestries was hung in the Sistine Chapel in 1519, but all were stolen in 1527 when mercenaries of the army of Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, captured Rome. The mutinous soldiers had decided to sack Rome over unpaid wages owed to them for their service during the Italian Wars.
The tapestries were then sold, changed hands several times, and were eventually returned to Pope Julius in 1554. In the 19th century, during Napoleon’s Italian campaign, the tapestries were once again taken. They were later returned to the Vatican in 1808, and have been housed in the Vatican Museum to protect them from environmental damage since the 1930s.
To celebrate the 500th anniversary of the painter’s death, Rome is hosting an exhibition of more than 200 of Raphael’s paintings at the Scuderie del Quirinale from March 5 to June 2.
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