She is a Royal Dignitary of the highest order, honored by saints and kings and popes alike.
Mary, who brought Jesus into the world, was the first evangelist, and continues to be the most powerful one.
It was therefore very fitting for Pope John Paul II to grant the title Our Lady of Evangelization to an image of the Blessed Mother. This image, which had previously been associated with Our Lady, Help of Christians, resides in the Cathedral Basilica of Lima, Peru, and is Patroness of the archdiocese.
Found in a side chapel in the cathedral, Our Lady of Evangelization is one of the oldest statues of Mary in the country. Emperor Charles V of Spain sent the image as a gift to the newly founded city around the year 1540. Devotion quickly spread far beyond Lima as countless people, including St. Rose of Lima and St. Martin de Porres, passed by the feet of Our Lady to find comfort, bring an offering or invoke her intercession.
The golden rose in Our Lady of Evangelization’s right hand has adorned her since Pope John Paul II’s second visit to the shrine in 1988, and reflects a tradition dating back to the turn of the first millennium. The papal Golden Rose is an honor that the reigning pontiff may bestow upon distinguished personages, churches and sanctuaries. The likes of Charles VII of France, Mary Tudor, Queen of England, and Maria of Austria received the Golden Rose in their day.
For the past 60 years, recent popes have been conferring this honor primarily on Marian shrines, and fittingly so: Our Lady is indeed, a Royal Dignitary of the highest order.
John Paul II also presided over the pontifical crowning of the image in 1985, consecrated the nation to her in 1988, and named her Patroness of the Archdiocese of Lima on October 6, 1990.
Pope Francis visited this shrine last month during his recent visit to Peru. He venerated the relics of the Peruvian saints in the cathedral, and joined the saints and former popes in paying his respects to Our Lady, and invoking her blessing:
Help us to be a Church that goes forth, drawing near to all, especially the less fortunate. Teach us to be missionary disciples of Jesus Christ, the Lord of Miracles, living in love, seeking unity and practicing mercy, so that, protected by the intercession of Our Lady of Evangelization, we may live the joy of the Gospel and proclaim it before the world. (Pope Francis, January 21, 2018)
Our Lady of Evangelization, pray for us!
Aleteia is bringing you an introduction to some of the titles under which Mary is honored as patroness in Latin America. See here:
From El Salvador, Our Lady of Peace of San Miguel: Mary will find her way into your life with creativity and persistence
From Ecuador, Our Lady of Quinche: When God brought a child back to life through the prayers of His Mother
From Paraguay, Our Lady of Miracles of Caacupé: No two stories of Our Lady are ever the same: A mother’s individualized love
From Chile, Our Lady of Andacollo: More marvelous than all Our Lady’s apparitions and miracles put together is this simple reality
Our Lady of Charity, from Cuba: In the face of evacuation from Irma, turn to Our Lady of Charity
Our Lady of Aparecida, from Brazil: Pope Francis recalls the joy of entrusting his pontificate to Our Lady of Aparecida