Aleteia logoAleteia logoAleteia
Saturday 18 May |
Saint of the Day: St. John I
Aleteia logo
Spirituality
separateurCreated with Sketch.

Does St. Mark have two names in the New Testament?

WEB3 ST MARK SAINT MARK EVANGELIST PAINTING Tzanes Emmanuel WikiMedia Commons

Tzanes Emmanuel | WikiMedia Commons

Philip Kosloski - published on 04/24/24

Similar to other disciples in the New Testament, St. Mark appears to have two names, one that was Hebrew and one that was Greek.

There are many individuals in the New Testament who appear to have two names.

St. Matthew is one example, as he is also called “Levi” in the Bible. Some scholars believe that the tax-collector simply had two names, one in Greek (Matthew) and the other in Hebrew (Levi).

This is very possible, as scholars point to Simon (Peter) and Saul (Paul) as similar examples that don’t signify a name change, but the existence of two names in two different languages.

John Mark

In the Acts of the Apostles, there is a reference to a “John Mark“:

When he realized this, he went to the house of Mary, the mother of John who is called Mark, where there were many people gathered in prayer.

Acts 12:12

St. Peter, however, only mentions him by the name of “Mark.”

The chosen one at Babylon sends you greeting, as does Mark, my son.

1 Peter 5:13

Most scholars believe that John Mark is the same as Mark, who is the writer of the Gospel of Mark.

The Catholic Encyclopedia explains that this name may be on account of the need for a Greek and Hebrew name:

To the Jewish name John was added the Roman pronomen Marcus, and by the latter he was commonly known to the readers of Acts (15:37, ton kaloumenon Markon) and of the Epistles. Mark’s mother was a prominent member of the infant Church at Jerusalem; it was to her house that Peter turned on his release from prison; the house was approached by a porch (pulon), there was a slave girl (paidiske), probably the portress, to open the door, and the house was a meeting-place for the brethren, “many” of whom were praying there the night St. Peter arrived from prison (Acts 12:12-13).

The Encyclopedia of the Bible offers a similar explanation:

The name ̓Ιωάννης, is derived from the Heb. יﯴחָנָנ׃֙ or יהﯴחָנָ֥ן meaning “Yahweh is gracious” and points to his Jewish heritage. Μάρκος, on the other hand, is the common Gr. form of the Lat. Marcus and served as John’s “other name” (e.g. Acts 12:12). Other examples of Jews bearing Gr. (e.g. Acts 10:18) or Rom. (e.g. Acts 1:23) names in addition to their Heb. names are common in the NT and in some cases may indicate Rom. citizenship, in others perhaps a previous life of slavery to a Rom. family. 

St. Mark appears to be among the many individuals in 1st-century Jerusalem to have two names in two different languages.

Tags:
BibleFaithSaints
Enjoying your time on Aleteia?

Articles like these are sponsored free for every Catholic through the support of generous readers just like you.

Help us continue to bring the Gospel to people everywhere through uplifting Catholic news, stories, spirituality, and more.

Aleteia-Pilgrimage-300×250-1.png
Daily prayer
And today we celebrate...




Top 10
See More
Newsletter
Get Aleteia delivered to your inbox. Subscribe here.